THE QUALITY OF TRAINING PROGRAMMES AND LEADERSHIP COMPETENCIES AMONG EDUCATIONAL MANAGERS IN THE SULTANATE OF OMAN
►Aisha Salim Juma Alarimy, Azam Othman, Hairuddin Mohd Ali andIsmail Sheikh Ahmad
This study examined the quality of training programmes and leadership competencies among educational managers in the Ministry of Education (MoE), Sultanate of Oman. The study examined two objectives which included; (a) to determine the leadership competencies acquired through training among educational managers in MoE, Sultanate of Oman, and (b) to investigate significant differences between leadership competencies among educational managers’ at the MoE Head Quarter and Regional Directorate in the MoE, Sultanate of Oman. A sample of two hundred and ninety eight (298) educational managers in the MoE in the Sultanate of Oman participated in the study. A quantitative approach to research using the Alaraimy Competency Survey as the instrument of data collection was used to conduct the study. The data was analysedusing a Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and MANOVA analyses. The results of the study highlighted that the educational managers possessed all leadership competences, though at different levels. It was also revealed that there were no significant differences in the competence levels between educational managers working at the Headquarter of MoE and those in the Regional General Directorates. It is recommended that the MoE, Sultanate of Oman adopts the best training approaches that develop all the competences of educational managers in the MoE, Sultanate of Oman, both at the MoE Head Quarters and Regional General Directorates.
Keywords: Quality, Training Programmes, Leadership Competencies, Educational Managers, Sultanate of Oman.
MOBBING AT BANKS: Moderating Effect of Negative Emotions on the Relationship between Mobbing and Turnover Intention ►Meltem Idig-Camuroglu and Jale Minibas-Poussard
While it is not always possible to prevent mobbing in organizations, individuals can be empowered to cope with it by regulating emotions. The purpose of this study was to explore mobbing and turnover intention in banking sector and to examine the moderating effect of negative emotions. Survey approach and free association technique were used with participants who were 164 bank employees in Istanbul, Turkey. Findings revealed that prevalence of mobbing is 30%. The most frequent aggressive behaviors are threats to individual’s personal and work reputation. As the environment is perceived more negative, perceived mobbing increases. With the high levels of mobbing negative emotions increase and turnover intentions arise. Negative emotions moderated the relationship between mobbing and turnover intention. Employees with high negative emotions showed more turnover intention when mobbing increased.Effective coping with mobbing is essential for individuals and organizations since it increases negative affect and turnover intentions in employees. This findings also underlines the importance of anti-bullying policies. To our knowledge, this paper examined the moderating effect of negative emotions on the relationship between mobbing and turnover for the first time.