DECISION MAKING MODELS AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT PREFERENCES:Taiwanese Expatriates in China ►Hsin Kao, Sean Peng-Hsiang Kao, Shih-Chih Chen and Kevin Kuan-Shun Chiu
ABSTRACT The purpose of the study was to investigate the possible relationship between Decision-Making models and Knowledge Management practices of selected executives in Taiwanese companies at the Changjiang Delta in Mainland China. Using survey data from 138 out of 200 randomly selected Taiwanese, this research was a descriptive and a correlation study. The significant positive relationship was found between rational DM model and total KM processes. However, the significant negative relationships were found between total KM processes and avoidant and dependent DM models. Additionally, intuitive and spontaneous DM models do not have significant relationships with total KM processes. The Rational Decision-Making could be the predominant DM model of Taiwanese executives practicing KM in China. Keywords: Decision Making Models, Knowledge Management, Taiwanese Expatriates
AN OVERVIEW OF WORKFLOW MANAGEMENT SYSTEM STRUCTURE IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN ►Huei-Huang Chen, Kuo-Shean Liu, Shih-Chih Chen, Chan-Yen Chang and Kai-Shih Hsieh
ABSTRACT Supply chain is an inter-enterprise process that connects upstream and downstream companies closely. In order to accelerate the information flow in supply chain, therefore, we need an inter-enterprise and integrated information sharing method. The information sharing among enterprises can be transparency. Upstream and downstream companies access virtual data warehouse. That makes enterprise can achieve customer quick response by supply chain management. This study mainly proposed a reference model to adopt fast information flow mechanism and transfer information from customer demand to the manufacturing facilities. Besides, this study reviewed some key points for supporting business process collaborations when organizations implemented the work flow management system. Finally, we proposed our major findings and future directions Keywords:Supply Chain Management, Workflow Management System, Information Flow
ENHANCING THE QUALITY OF TEACHING AT HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS IN MALAYSIA THROUGH THE USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) ►Anantha Raj A. Arokiasamy
ABSTRACT The purpose of this paper is to analyze the integration of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in higher education for imparting easily accessible, affordable and quality higher education leading to the uplift of Malaysia. The focus of the paper is on the benefits that ICT integration in education can provide, right from breaking time and distance barriers to facilitating collaboration and knowledge sharing among geographically distributed students. ICT increases the flexibility of delivery of education so that learners can access knowledge anytime and anywhere. It can influence the way students are taught and how they learn as now the processes are learner driven and not by teachers. This in turn would better prepare the learners for lifelong learning as well as to contribute to the industry. We will also analyze if ICT does indeed improve or hinder the quality of learning among higher education students. This paper reports on the changing trends in use of ICTs for instruction in higher education institutions (HEIs) and discusses a mini-case study of how ICTs are being used by lecturers in one university in Malaysia. Keywords: Quality of higher education, information and communication technology, flexibility, lifelong learners and economy.
INVESTIGATING EFFECT OF ACQUISITION ON INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL AND FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF TARGET COMPANIES IN IRAN ►Ahmad Khodamipour, Zeinolabedin Sadeghi and Mohsen Asgari
ABSTRACT Managers seek to find the most desirable strategy to reach goals of their companies. One of the strategies which assist external growth of companies is merger and acquisition strategy. The goal of this research was to study the effect of acquisition on the intellectual capital and financial performance of (acquired) target companies. The statistical population included the companies admitted in Tehran Stock Exchange between 2004 and 2010, from among which the sample was selected. According to the accounting basis, the research data were calculated for two periods of before and after acquisition and the research hypotheses were tested using the paired samples T test. Test results of the target companies were compared with those of similar non-acquired companies as the control group. The research results indicated significant effect of acquisition on operating cash flow and return on assets and equity of the target companies. Moreover, it was found that intellectual capital increased after acquisition; however, there was no significant relationship with acquisition. Keywords:Acquisition, Intellectual capital, Target companies
MICROFINANCE AND POVERTY REDUCTION IN NIGERIA: A Critical Assessment ►Cecilia A. Nwigwe, B. T. Omonona and Victor O. Okoruwa
ABSTRACT This paper attempts to provide a critical assessment of microfinance as a strategy for poverty reduction in Nigeria. It argues that while microfinance has developed some innovative management and business strategies, its impact on poverty reduction remains in doubt. Microfinance, however, certainly plays an important role in providing safety-net and consumption smoothening. However, for any significant dent on poverty, the focus of public policy should be on growth-oriented and equity-enhancing programs, such as broad-based productive employment creation. There is also need to design financial sustainable models that increases outreach and scale up operations for the poor. More so, financial inclusion agenda should be considered and adopted in a concerted manner. Keywords:Microfinance, Poverty, Nigeria.